The state of Kerala is blessed with numorous rivers and backwaters, these waterways can be sucessfully used for commercial inland water transport. Inland water transport is a fuel efficient and environmental friendly mode of transportation. Basic infrastructure requirement for inland water transport comprises efficient navigation route with navigation aids, terminals and jetties with adequate facilities to handle cargo, passengers and vessels suitable for various needs. The main arterial waterway in the state of Kerala is the West Coast Canal. The West Coast Canal connects Kovalam in south to the Bekal in north and its total length is 616km
Kuttanad is one of the few places in the world where farming is carried out below the sea level and the region is often termed as the 'Rice bowl of the State. It is a region spread across the Alappuzha, Kottayam and Pathanamthitta districts of kerala. It is known for its waterbodies, agriculture, fisheries and biodiversity. The geography of this area is marked by the deltaic formation that arise out of the confluence of five major rivers - achankovil, Manimala, Pamba, Meenachil and Muvattupuzha. Kuttand area is highly vulnerable to bund breaching during floods and cause misery to the people by way of loss of life, houses and financial instability due to lost livelihoods.